Macromarketing creates time and place utility for the buyer. Utility is general measure of the extent to which a product or service satisfies customers’ needs. It is created when the characteristics of a product match the needs of the buyer. Time utility, therefore, is a measure of the degree to which a product is available when buyers want it. Place utility is a measure of the degree to which a product is available where buyers want it. All purchases are attempts by buyers to maximize time and place utility.

Time and place utility are created by marketing. The creation of time and place utility is responsible for about one half of the cost of consumer products.

The cost of marketing products and services can be reduced through gains in efficiency. There are four major ways that marketing makes the sale of goods and services more efficient. They are the functions of information, inventory, exchange, and the routine of how goods and services are distributed from buyers to sellers. Macromarketing concerns the economy as a whole.

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