Company Performance Appraisal

Company performance appraisal studies the trends of specific profitability and productivity ratios derived from financial statements for at least past three  periods (year, quarter, month). Its main purpose is to diagnose problem areas through establishing productivity indicators for continuous monitoring and control of the whole enterprise, in order to set up an appropriate productivity improvement programs.


In conducting company performance appraisal, two basic comparisons have to be made:

a.       Between current performance and a historical base performance;

b.       Between actual performance and the target.


The former indicates whether performance is improving or declining and at what rate. The latter requires that performance or productivity targets be set and matched against actual performance.


Using profitability along as the basis for evaluating the overall performance of an organization makes it difficult to identify the cause of profitability changes. Are they due to productivity or price-cost movement? The following demonstrates this relationship:


            Output value     =          Quantity sold     X          Unit price



             Profitability       =          Productivity       X          Price recovery



             Input value        =          Quantity used    X          Unit cost


Considering the relationships over time, profitability is defined as charge in output value compared with change in input value; productivity as the change between quantity of output and/or quantity in unit price, and change in unit cost.


In effect, what is computed are performance ratios classified into:

  • Change in profitability;
  • Change in productivity;
  • Change in price recovery.

 These performance ratios are then evaluated in relation to their effect on profits. In general, a drop in profitability, in productivity or in price recovery reduces profits. Lower productivity signals a need for further analysis and for correction action. However, increased productivity does not necessarily lead to profitability on a short-term basis. The effect of increased productivity will be realized only in terms of long-term profitability.

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